Horse health: Dermatitis treatment(Dermatitis) Scratches

Defined

Dermatitis, also known as mud fever, greasy heel, dew poisoning, or scratches affects the backs of the pasterns and the bulbs of the heels and is most commonly found in horses who are exposed to moisture for long periods of time, whether from standing in a muddy field or a wet stall. Constant moisture can become an irritant as it penetrates delicate skin causing inflammation, redness, and ulcerations, and when coupled with dirty surroundings, an ideal situation for infection to become almost inevitable.

Treatment

Speed is of the essence when tending to Dermatitis even though the raw, broken, or bleeding skin is not considered to be where the infection lies. The culprits, bacteria, fungus, parasites, and allergies can appear singularly or in combination as they find easy entry into already compromised tissues making diagnosis difficult and treatment a potentially hit or miss affair.

Consult your veterinarian who may want to take skin samples to more accurately determine the appropriate course of action before you embark on a plan that possibly could delay or even cause complications to the healing process. Note: opportunistic in nature, these microorganisms quickly multiply often escalating the situation, so if the leg or legs should become hot and swollen, it is a sure sign that the infection has become serious, in which case you may need to get a prescription for antibiotics.

Regardless of the cause, there are several steps that should be taken when dealing
with Dermatitis. Start by clipping the long hair from that portion of affected skin in order to keep it clean and dry.

Next, wash the area thoroughly but gently with warm water. Make sure to remove dirt but be careful not to aggravate the skin. Then, follow by lightly towel drying the area. Be careful not to use harsh shampoos or iodine based medications as they can be too abrasive, and limit your washing sessions to only once a day as additional moisture could further inflame already tender tissue.

Also, try to keep your horse out of muddy or wet places and make sure that his bedding is clean and dry.

Prognosis

In the future, avoid hosing your horse’s fetlocks and pasterns unless you have a specific reason, and always make sure to completely dry the area afterward.

Check out www.classic-equine.com.  Your one stop site for information regarding horses and horse care.

There is no need to crate your dog when you are not home. As long as you make sure to puppy-proof your home, there will be nothing to worry about while you are gone. You should really make sure to puppy-proof your home before you even bring your new friend home because you never know when he or she is going to wander off and get into trouble. Here is a great puppy proofing checklist that will help you make sure that your dog will be safe whether you are home or not.

1. Make sure to set boundaries:

When you first get a new dog or a puppy, you will probably want to keep it in a restricted area for the first couple of days or weeks while you are unable to be home to supervise. This will not only reduce the chances of your new buddy getting into things that he or she shouldn’t, but it will also help prevent accidents from occurring while your dog is getting used to your home. Especially for puppies, it can be difficult for them to adjust to living somewhere new and not knowing where to go to the bathroom. Setting boundaries will help make sure that your dog will not have accidents in the most inconvenient places.  See here for training your dogs to be more disciplined.

2. Cover electric cords

If your dog has access to any electrical cords, then you should make sure that they are covered with chew-proof covers. Your dog is unable to understand what these are, and he or she may think that they are toys. Help keep your dog safe by purchasing these chew-proof covers.

3. Do not leave children’s toys lying around

A lot of children’s toys are not safe for dogs. Dog toys are made specifically for dogs so that they will be safe for them to play with. Children’s toys, however, are not made with puppies and dogs in mind. Make sure that there are no toys lying around that could be a choking hazard for your dog.

4. Make sure to put food away

A lot of foods are not safe for dogs. In order to keep your furry friend safe, you should make sure to clear everything off of your table, counters, and side-tables. You would be amazed how skilled dogs are when it comes to getting food off of high surfaces. Play it safe by simply clearing everything off and making sure that all of your cabinets are completely closed. You will also want to use a trash can with a lid to prevent your dog from getting into your trash. Dangerous things can be in your trash including chicken bones, cans, and plastic bags. Prevent a kitchen nightmare by making sure that everything is closed.

5. Pick up anything and everything

Curious dogs will mistake anything for a chew toy. Make sure to put away your remote controls, shoes, electronic devices, and anything else that you don’t want destroyed. Think of your new pet as a great way to motivate you to clean your home!

Dogs are a man’s best friend, or so the old saying goes. How similar to humans are they? Are dogs capable of feeling emotions the same way that their human owners can?

Puppies and Toddlers

Babies begin developing basic emotions from the time of their birth. Between birth and age 3, babies and toddlers learn to experience excitement, joy, love, anger, fear, and distress among others. When you compare puppies to toddlers, you can find a lot of similarities.
Humans continue to develop complex emotions throughout their entire lives. Dogs, when compared to human emotional growth, tend to stop around 2.5 years. This gives them the overall emotional capacity of a human toddler.

Laughter

Anyone who’s ever heard that unique huffing pant that sounds like a chuckle from their furry friend can tell you that dogs can laugh. Some studies have shown that this particular type of pant can even encourage other dogs to laugh, and put them at ease when they’re in a stressful or anxiety ridden situation.

Joy

There is nothing quite like the look of a dog jumping for joy, whether it’s during play or for a new toy or treat. Even Charles Darwin, the father of Evolutionary Theory, noticed how they will react when the potential for great pleasure is presented.

Grief

Not all emotions are positive, and grief is one of the most powerful and painful emotions that someone can experience. Dogs have been shown to grieve after losing an animal companion, and after losing a human friend. Pictures of a dog named Hawkeye who lay beside the casket of his master, Petty Officer 1st Class Jon T. Tumilson, went viral in 2011 after the petty officer was killed in Afghanistan. Hawkeye wouldn’t leave his late master’s side throughout the entire funeral.

This is just one example of dogs all over the world mourning their fallen comrades. Google “dogs mourning” and you’ll find dozens of other examples.

Disgust

Just like humans, dogs are capable of feeling disgust. They may be disgusted with the taste of the food you have given them, or they may be disgusted with the behavior that they’ve witnessed in their human or animal companions. The look on your dogs face when his or her litter mate has soiled their living area is the perfect example.

Suspicion

Suspicion is one of the emotions that make a dog into a good guardian. Being suspicious of a new person in the home or an intruder can help a dog to protect you and your family. It has to be handled carefully, though, or it can turn into jealousy in the case of a new baby or animal in the home. If you are training your dog to be a guard dog, then it is a good trait to have, otherwise it should be strictly controlled.

Do not ever take your dog’s ability to feel emotion for granted. Give them your love and they will give you all the love they have in return.

Horses are some of the finest creatures this planet has to offer. When owning a horse, it could be quite complicated. From feeding to training these strong animals, there’s much to do to keep us busy. But how should horses be accommodated in living? Are there different ways to provide a horse with a good place to sleep, and sufficient room to move around? Absolutely!

When it comes to horse stalls, there are of course different types that can be provided for your horse. Also, accessories come into play when designing this unique type of home. However, the one thing that is truly unique about a horse stall is the type of bedding. The following are the different types of bedding available. 

Straw Bedded Horse Stall

Straw is the most common type of horse bedding, and it is very cheap as well. Throughout history, horse owners have been using straw, and it has certainly stood the test of time.

Straw is good because as mentioned, it is very cheap, and it also does not accumulate dust, which is good for cleanliness and sanitation in a horse’s stall. It is very eco-friendly and if needed you can very easily discard it. It is also very absorbent, making urine management quick simple.

Wood Shavings Bedded Horse Stall

Wood shavings are also a viable option to line your horse stall with bedding, yet there are some disadvantages that come with it as well.  If a horse is habitually eating its beddings, such as straw, then this could be a very good replacement. These types of bedding are widely available, however one must be cautious of some shavings, because low quality beddings could cause harm to a horse. Splinters could come easily if not chosen correctly. 

Rubber Mat Bedded Horse Stall 

If you own a race horse, this might be the best option. Although very tough to maintain due to lack of absorption, rubber matted stalls are great for horses legs and limbs, keeping them fresh, uninjured and ready to race. It’s best to add some type of absorption material to these types of stalls. 

Hemp Bedded Horse Stall 

Another option of better quality is hemp. Hemp has all the advantages but they come at a price. Hemp is highly competitive economically, but if you have the cash it will pay off. With hemp being eco-friendly, dust free, and offering high absorption, it is a very solid option if you truly care for your horse. 

Paper Bedded Horse Stall 

If you really need a thrifty option for your horse stall, then you can go the paper route (no pun intended). Paper can be anything from newspaper shreddings to cardboard, and of course it is very accessible. Again, this is a good option for your horse if it is one that eats bedding often. Also, it is tough for paper to collect dust. 

So those are some of the main variations of horse stalls you can consider. There are many options out there and it’s always best to gauge the type of horse you are caring for before you make a final, long term decision. Good luck!